The branch of Ayurveda corresponding to the E.N.T. (Ear, Nose and Throat) in present day medicine, Salakya Chikilsa treats diseases affecting the eyes, ears, nose and throat.

Susrutha Samhitha written by Susrutha, the disciple of Divodasa Dhanwanthari, has detailed information on the prognosis, diagnosis and treatment procedures in Salakya Chikilsa. This book contains the description of around 72 eye diseases and the surgical procedure for the treatment of cataract, eyelid diseases etc. The use of various instruments, therapeutic effects of herbs etc. are also included in the book.

This discipline does not however find mention in the Vedas. The Panchakarma procedure associated with this discipline of Ayurveda is Nasya (application of medicine through nasal orifices). Both Agnivesa School (Medical) and Dhanwanthiri School (Surgical) acknowledge the therapeutic importance of Nasya. A number of curative and prophylactic Nasyas have now been added as a result of continuous research and development.