Kaya Chikilsa or General Medicine is the most important branch among the eight specialized branches of Ayurveda. It deals with causes, condition, symptoms, progress of disease, cure of ailments affecting the body and its diagnosis, prognosis and therapeutics.

Kaya’ means body and ‘chikilsa’ means treatment, and therefore the term literally means treating diseases affecting the body. This branch of medicine mainly involves the correction of abnormalities in the element of Agni (the element of fire) which is responsible for all the metabolic activities of the body.

Ayurvedic treatment methods give more importance to the internal causes of the disease rather than the external pathogens. Every disease is diagnosed and treated by analyzing Prakruthi (Physical constitution), Tridoshas (predominance of biological humors) and Trigunas (mental qualities) of the patient. Ayurveda treats body as a whole with importance to mind and the soul.

Charaka, sometimes referred to as the Father of Anatomy, is the author of the most famous book on medicine, the Charaka Samhitha. It contains detailed information on the physiology, pathology, anatomy, causes and treatment of diseases.