As per Ayurveda there are three seasons categorized as per the Tridoshas: 

  • Kapha Season (January to June) 
  • Pitha Season (July to October) 
  • Vatha Season (October to December)

Kapha Season

Kapha season starts from January and ends in June. This time of the year is usually cold and dull and is a time when there is maximum possibility of Kapha imbalance. Flu, colds, depression, gaining weight and laziness can all settle in during the Kapha season.

In order to bring back the balance and keep your body healthy it is worth keeping in mind certain points. 

  • Be active and exercise regularly. This will keep depression and laziness at bay. 
  • Follow a Kapha pacifying diet. Include hot and spicy food and vegetables, fruits and pulses which are good for balancing the Kapha. Use of cumin, ginger, fennel, pepper, turmeric etc. are recommended. 
  • Avoid or reduce the intake of sweets, salty food items, nuts, certain vegetables such as cucumber, tomato, sweet potato, fruits such as oranges, bananas, pineapple etc. 
  • Over-sleeping is not good in this particular season. Wake up early. 
  • If you are planning to give your body an Ayurveda experience, this is the best time for the same. Panchakarma treatment can be done effectively since the toxins can be removed very effectively during this period.

Pitha Season

Pitha, the element of fire, starts becoming predominant in this season. It is the time of the year when winter recedes and the bright, sunny and warm weather settles in, the body tends to lose the sluggish Kapha element and becomes more lively and energetic.

The Pitha element needs to be kept under check to avoid Pitha-related ailments such as heartburn, rashes, diarrhea etc. Here are some tips that you can follow during this season: 

  • Since Pitha involves the element of fire, balancing it is made possible by drinking lots of water, cool fruit juice etc. 
  • Massage your body with sesame oil before bath. 
  • Follow a Pitha pacifying diet by including juicy and fresh fruits, rice and pulses, milk products except yogurt and cheese, spices such as fennel, coriander, parsley etc. 
  • Avoid or reduce hot and spicy food, vegetables such as tomatoes, onions and carrots, fruits such as grapes, orange, banana, lemon etc. 
  • Relax and enjoy yourself. This season is perfect for a good family vacation and to take a break from a hectic lifestyle.

Vatha Season

The warm summer season slowly makes way to the cold climate in the Vatha season. Vatha, the dry, cold and rough element, is at its peak in this season. If you fail to avoid a Vatha vitiation, you may suffer from problems such as insomnia, restlessness, constipation, increased anxiety and so on.

Following are some guidelines for avoiding a Vatha imbalance: 

  • Eat only well-cooked and hot food items. Cold food stuff needs to be avoided during this season 
  • Maintain regular daily routine. It is important to remove the toxins formed in the body by daily elimination process. 
  • Favour or increase the intake of sweet and salty food, rice wheat, juicy fruits, cashews, sesame, almonds etc. 
  • Avoid or reduce dry and cold food, sour fruits, raw vegetables etc. 
  • Massage your body with warm sesame oil before bath 
  • Drinking warm water at regular intervals in a day can also help balance the Vatha element

Please note that the Prakruthi of the person is also very important while deciding the diet and routine for a particular season. An Ayurvedic physician can help you with this.