Men's health: Preventing your top 10 threats

 

1. Heart disease
Take charge of heart health by making healthier lifestyle choices.

  • Don't smoke or use other tobacco products. Avoid exposure to secondhand smoke.
  • Eat a healthy diet rich in vegetables, fruits, whole grains, fiber and fish. Cut back on foods high in saturated fat and sodium.
  • If you have high cholesterol or high blood pressure, follow your doctor's treatment recommendations.
  • Include physical activity in your daily routine.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • If you have diabetes, keep your blood sugar under control.
  • Manage stress.

 

2. Cancer
Mostly due to cigarette smoking. Lung cancer is followed by prostate cancer and colorectal cancer.
To prevent cancer:

  • Don't smoke or use other tobacco products. Avoid exposure to secondhand smoke.
  •  Include physical activity in your daily routine.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  •  Eat a healthy diet rich in fruits and vegetables, and avoid high-fat foods.
  • Limit your sun exposure. When you're outdoors, use sunscreen.
  • If you choose to drink alcohol, do so only in moderation.
  • Consult your doctor for regular cancer screenings.
  • Reduce exposure to potential cancer-causing substances (carcinogens), such as radon, asbestos, radiation and air pollution.

 

3. Injuries
The leading cause of fatal accidents among men is motor vehicle crashes.
To reduce your risk of a deadly crash:

  • Wear your seat belt.
  • Follow the speed limit.
  • Don't drive under the influence of alcohol or any other substances.
  • Don't drive while sleepy.
  • Falls and poisoning are other leading causes of fatal accidents.
  • Take common-sense precautions, such as using chemical products only in ventilated areas, using nonslip mats in the bathtub and placing carbon monoxide detectors near the bedrooms in your home.

 

4. Stroke
You can't control some stroke risk factors, such as family history, age and race. But you can control other contributing factors,

  • Don't smoke.
  • If you have high cholesterol or high blood pressure, follow your doctor's treatment recommendations.
  • Limit the amount of saturated fat and cholesterol in your diet. Try to avoid trans fat entirely.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Include physical activity in your daily routine.
  • If you have diabetes, keep your blood sugar under control.
  • If you choose to drink alcohol, do so only in moderation.

 

5. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
A group of chronic lung conditions, including bronchitis and emphysema.
To prevent COPD:

  • Don't smoke. Avoid exposure to secondhand smoke.
  • Minimize exposure to chemicals and air pollution.

 

6. Type 2 diabetes

Common type of diabetes — affects the way your body uses blood sugar (glucose).
Possible complications of type 2 diabetes include heart disease, blindness, nerve damage and kidney damage.

To prevent type 2 diabetes:

  • Lose excess pounds/kilos, if you're overweight.
  • Eat a healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables and low-fat foods.
  • Include physical activity in your daily routine.

 

7. Influenza is a common viral infection.
While a case of the flu isn't usually serious for otherwise healthy adults, complications of the flu can be deadly — especially for those who have weak immune systems or chronic illnesses.

  • To protect yourself from the flu, get an annual flu vaccine.

 

8. Suicide
Another leading men's health risk.
An important risk factor for suicide among men is depression. If you think you may be depressed, consult your doctor. Treatment is available.
If you're contemplating suicide, call for emergency medical help or go the nearest emergency room.

 

9. Kidney disease
Kidney failure is often a complication of diabetes or high blood pressure.
If you have diabetes or high blood pressure, follow your doctor's treatment suggestions.
In addition:

  • Eat a healthy diet. Limit the amount of salt you consume.
  • Include physical activity in your daily routine.
  • Lose excess pounds/kilos, if you're overweight.
  • Take medications as prescribed.

 

10. Alzheimer’s disease
There's no proven way to prevent Alzheimer's disease, but consider taking these steps:
Take care of your heart. High blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, diabetes and high cholesterol may increase the risk of developing Alzheimer's.

  • Avoid head injuries.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Include physical activity in your daily routine.
  • Avoid tobacco
  • Stay socially active.
  • Maintain mental fitness.
  • Practice mental exercises.
  • Take steps to learn new things.

 

Take, Think,Act seriously


Health risks can be scary, but there's no reason to panic. Instead, do everything you can to lead a healthy lifestyle :

  • Eating a healthy diet
  • Staying physically active
  • Quitting smoking
  • Getting regular checkups
  • Taking precautions in your daily activities.

Adopting these preventive measures will increase your odds of living a long, healthy life.